State of charge estimation based on adaptive algorithm for Lead-Acid battery

Maamar Souaihia, Bachir Belmadani, Rachid Taleb


The usage of batteries in recent years has become widespread in many fields e.g. in electric vehicles, energy renewable and stand-alone systems which require a robust approach for estimation of the state of charge (SOC). The SOC represents an important factor to guaranty safe operations. A lot of methods have been used to predict the state of charge. The coulomb counting method is the famous and widely used among them, but have limitation due to its accuracy. Another used approach is the Kalman Filter, which improves the estimation efficiency, to reach a good performance in SOC prediction. The version of adaptive extended Kalman filter (AEKF) technique is applied in this paper. This paper presents an experimental performance of technique of Kalman filter, for solving the problem of accurate SOC. The method is used to compute the terminal voltage in such a way to estimate the SOC. The proposed algorithm is based on preselected Thevenin model after the identification of its parameters. It has been used to predict the SOC based on nonlinear equations, and evaluation of the approach is verified with the experimental results. The final results signify that the estimation matched with the proposed model and the algorithm is performed optimally, thus the maximum soc estimation error is the finest


Aadaptive extended kalman filter; Lead-Acid battery; State of charge

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Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (IJEEI)
ISSN 2089-3272

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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