Determining the Number of Batik Motif Object based on Hierarchical Symmetry Detection Approach

Ida Nurhaida, Remmy A. M. Zen, Vina Ayumi, Hong Wei

Abstract


In certain conditions, symmetry can be used to describe objects in the batik motif efficiently. Symmetry can be defined based on three linear transformations of dimension n in Euclidian space in the form of translation and rotation. This concept is useful for detecting objects and recognising batik motifs. In this study, we conducted a study of the symmetry effect to determine the number of batik motif objects in an image using symmetry algorithm through a hierarchical approach. The process focuses on determining the intersection line of the batik motif object. Furthermore, by utilising intersection line information for bilateral and rotational symmetry, the number of objects carried out recursively is determined. The results obtained are numbers of batik motif objects through symmetry detection. This information will be used as a reference for batik motif detection. Based on the experimental results, there are some errors caused by the axis of the symmetry line that is not appropriate due to the characteristics of batik motifs. The problem is solved by adding several rules to detect symmetry line and to determine the number of objects. The additional rules increase the average accuracy of the number of object detection from 66.21% to 86.19% (19.99% increase).


Keywords


batik; motif detection; symmetry detection; hierarchical approach

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Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (IJEEI)
ISSN 2089-3272

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