A Novel Approach for the Power Ramping Metrics

Mohammed Saber Eltohamy, Mohammed Said Abdel Moteleb, Hossam Eldin Abdallah Talaat, Said Fouad Mekhamer, Walid Atef Omran


One of the biggest concerns associated with incorporating a large amount of renewable energy into power systems is the need to cope with significant ramps in renewable power output. Power system operators need to have statistical information on the power ramping features of renewable generation, load, and net-load that can be used to mitigate ramping events in the case of a large forecast error to ensure the power system's flexibility and reliability; on the other hand, for economic considerations. So far, there is no consensus on a precise definition for the ramp event and so far there are hardly any metrics describing the ramping features of a power system. The paper introduces new metrics describing the power ramping features in a power system. The new metrics are ramp regularity factor (RRF), ramp intensity factor (RIF), and maximum ramp ratio (MRR). In addition, the coefficient of variation (CV) is used to characterize the average value of power ramps. The new ramp metrics are applied to the output power of Belgium's aggregated wind farms in 2017 and 2018. The results obtained by comparing the two years demonstrate that the two years have the same ramping behavior, although the average installed wind capacity has been increased. The new metrics can also be applied to other renewable sources (PV, tidal power, etc.), load, and net-load at any stage of operation.


Power system flexibility; Ramp definition; Variable renewable generation;Energy management;Ramp metrics

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Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (IJEEI)
ISSN 2089-3272

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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